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function s=csum(x)
% CSUM Sum of elements using a compensated summation algorithm
%
% For large vectors, the native sum command in Matlab does not appear to
% use a compensated summation algorithm which can cause significant round
% off errors.
%
% This code implements a variant of Kahan's compensated summation algorithm
% which often takes about twice as long, but produces more accurate sums
% when the number of elements is large.
%
% See also SUM
%
% Example:
%   v=rand(1e7,1);
%   sum1 = sum(v);
%   sum2 = csum(v);
%   fprintf('sum1 = %18.16e\nsum2 = %18.16e\n', sum1, sum2);

% David Gleich, Stanford University, 2008

shat=0; y=0; e=0;
for i=1:numel(x)
   shat_old = shat; 
   y = x(i) + e; 
   shat = shat_old + y; 
   e = (shat_old - shat) + y;
end
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