Singular Value Decomposition versus Principal Component Analysis

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(New page: == Singular Value Decomposition <i>versus</i> Principal Component Analysis == from <i>SVD meets PCA</i>, slide by Cleve Moler “''The Wikipedia pages on SVD and PCA are quite good and c...)
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Revision as of 16:19, 12 September 2018

Singular Value Decomposition versus Principal Component Analysis

from SVD meets PCA, slide by Cleve Moler

The Wikipedia pages on SVD and PCA are quite good and contain a number of useful links, although not to each other.
LaTeX: -MATLAB News & Notes, Cleve’s Corner, 2006

%relationship of pca to svd
m=3;  n=7;
A = randn(m,n);

[coef,score,latent] = pca(A)

X       = A - mean(A);
[U,S,V] = svd(X,'econ');

% S  vs. latent
rho   = rank(X);
latent = diag(S(:,1:rho)).^2/(m-1)

% U  vs. score
sense = sign(score).*sign(U*S(:,1:rho));  %account for negated left singular vector
score = U*S(:,1:rho).*sense

% V  vs. coef
sense2 = sign(coef).*sign(V(:,1:rho));    %account for corresponding negated right singular vector
coef = V(:,1:rho).*sense2
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